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Glossary

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Backyard Buffer Program

Also known as the Buffer in a Bag Program. The program provides enough trees and shrubs for a 50-foot section of an unprotected waterway on or adjacent to their property.  Each bag will include 25 trees and shrubs of native species suited for streamside growing conditions, which will stabilize the soil and act as a buffer by filtering out pollutants before they enter into our local waters and also provide habitat for wildlife.

C

CREP

Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program - "CREP is a voluntary program for agricultural landowners.  Unique state and federal partnerships allow you to receive incentive payments for installing specific conservation practices. Through the CREP, farmers can receive annual rental payments and cost-share assistance to establish long-term, resource conserving covers on eligible land"

CRP

Conservation Reserve Program - "is a voluntary program for agricultural landowners.  Through CRP, you can receive annual rental payments and cost-share assistance to establish long-term, resource conserving covers on eligible farmland."

CWAP

Clean Water Action Plan:

  1. Required a unified watershed assessment (UWA) to assess the condition of watersheds

  2. Set watershed restoration priorities based on the UWA

  3. Required the development of watershed restoration action strategies (WRAS) that identify the most important causes of water pollution and resource degradation and detail the actions needed to address these problems and set milestones by which to measure progress.

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E

EQIP

Environmental Quality Incentives Program:

"was reauthorized in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Farm Bill) to provide a voluntary conservation program for farmers and ranchers that promotes agricultural production and environmental quality as compatible national goals. EQIP offers financial and technical help to assist eligible participants install or implement structural and management practices on eligible agricultural land."

F

FLEP

Forest Land Enhancement Program:

"is a voluntary program for non-industrial private forest (NIPF) landowners.  It provides for technical, educational, and cost-share assistance to promote sustainability of the NIPF forests."

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MBSS

Maryland Biological Stream Survey:

"The Maryland Biological Stream Survey (MBSS) uses random sampling to determine the status of wadeable streams and rivers in Maryland. Since 1994, biologists have collected water samples, biological, and habitat data for over 1000 streams in Maryland!"

N

non-point source pollution

Runoff caused by stormwater or irrigation water moving over and through the ground

NPDES

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System:

"As authorized by the Clean Water Act, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program controls water pollution by regulating point sources that discharge pollutants into waters of the United States."

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P

point source

Pollution from a specific point of discharge (e.g. industrial/municipal wastewater plant).

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R

riparian buffer

"An area of vegetated land adjacent to streams, rivers, marshes or shoreline that form the transition between land and water environments. Although riparian areas comprise only about 5 to 10 percent of the land in the watershed, they play an important role in maintaining the health of the Bay. ."

S

SCA

Stream Corridor Assessment:

"The Stream Corridor Assessment (SCA) survey was developed by DNR's Watershed Restoration Division as a tool to help environmental managers identify environmental problems and prioritize restoration opportunities on a watershed basis. As part of the survey, trained personnel walk the watershed's entire stream network and record information on a variety of environmental problems that can be easily observed within the stream corridor. "

stormwater

"Stormwater is pure rainwater plus anything the rain carries along with it. In urban areas, rain that falls on the roof of your house, or collects on paved areas like driveways, roads and footpaths is carried away through a system of pipes that is separate from the sewerage system. "

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